Studies on thermophilic bacteria

by Lethe Eleanora Morrison

Written in English
Cover of: Studies on thermophilic bacteria | Lethe Eleanora Morrison
Published: Pages: 53 Downloads: 242
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Subjects:

  • Thermophilic bacteria,
  • Identification,
  • Bacteria
The Physical Object
Pagination53 leaves :
Number of Pages53
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25902677M
OCLC/WorldCa741517655

Extremely thermophilic bacteria from the genus Caldicellulosiruptor produce a variety of large multi-domain proteins for the attachment to and degradation of lignocellulosic biomass. The currently sequenced genomes from the genus Caldicellulosiruptor encode homologous groups of Carbohydrate Active enZymes (CAZymes) containing glycoside hydrolase (GH), 58 carbohydrate .   Key Terms. thermophile: An organism — a type of extremophile — that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 45 and °C ( and °F).Many thermophiles are archaea. Thermophilic eubacteria are suggested to have been among the earliest bacteria. hyperthermophile: An organism that thrives in extremely hot environments— from 60 degrees C ( degrees F) upwards. @article{osti_, title = {Autoheated thermophilic aerobic digestion}, author = {Deeny, K. and Hahn, H. and Leonhard, D. and Heidman, J.}, abstractNote = {Autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion (ATAD) is first and foremost a digestion process, the primary purpose of which is to decompose a portion of the waste organic solids generated from wastewater treatment. The biotechnological significance and the benefits of the use of thermophilic bacteria in enhancing hydrocarbon removal under different environmental conditions were investigated. Expression of the alkane mono-oxygenase alkB gene responsible for the initial step in the degradation of alkanes in soil geobacilli was found to be induced by the Cited by: 3.

Thermophilic (thermo- means "hot or heat") bacteria grow best in warm to hot temperatures, or to degrees F. Examples of thermophilic bacteria are Bacillus flavothermus and Thermus aquaticus. Bacillus flavothermus is a spore-forming bacteria found in soils. Thermus aquaticus lives in hot water. Thermophilic bacteria and food spoilage. [] Eyles M.J. Richardson K.C. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, North Ryde (Australia). Div. of Food Processing [Corporate Author] Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Toulouse (France). [Corporate Author]Cited by: 3. "Thermophiles: Biology and Technology at High Temperatures presents a cogent summary of the progress made in studying these extrernophiles and speaks directly to the implications of that progress. Much is being learned from the study of thermophiles, especially our understanding of fundamental biology at the molecular level and the genetic. Figure E. Changes in temperature (solid line) and populations of mesophilic fungi (broken line) and thermophilic fungi (dotted line) in a wheat straw on data in Chang & Hudson, The left axis shows fungal populations (logarithm of colony forming units per gram of compost plated onto agar); the right axis shows temperature in the centre of the compost.

  U.S. Food and Drug Administration New Hampshire Avenue Silver Spring, MD INFO-FDA () Contact FDA. Case Studies. Clinical Medicine. Commentary. Book Reviews. Soul of the Healer. Tweets by @PermanenteJ. The Permanente Journal. Thermophillic Bacteria Tweet. Fall - Volume 13 Number 4 "Thermophilic Bacteria" photograph. By Gary Larsen, MS. Mr Larsen is a clinical microbiologist, at the Northern California Kaiser Permanente Regional. in extreme habitats. All accepted species of thermophilic bacteria with maximum growth temperatures above 65 °C are listed according to their phyla, with information on the main physiological parameters that are characteristic for the species. 1. Introduction The phenomenon of thermophily, as we know it today, was established by Thomas. Depending on the thermophilic species and minerals in the water, they may be pink, yellow, orange, white, gray, or black (photo above).The thermophilic species in these streamers are direct descendants of early bacteria. Mats Thermophiles form mats in water below °F (75°C). Species of four genera dominate the mats listed in the box at File Size: KB.

Studies on thermophilic bacteria by Lethe Eleanora Morrison Download PDF EPUB FB2

Thermophilic Bacteria is a comprehensive volume that describes all major bacterial groups that can grow above °C (excluding the Archaea). Over 60 different species of aerobic and anaerobic thermophilic bacteria are covered.

Isolation, growth methods, characterization and identification, ecology, metabolism, and enzymology of thermophilic bacteria are examined in detail, and an extensive 3/5(1). Book Description. Thermophilic Bacteria is a comprehensive volume that describes all major bacterial groups that can grow above °C (excluding the Archaea).

Over 60 different species of aerobic and anaerobic thermophilic bacteria are covered. A thermophile is an organism—a type of extremophile—that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 41 and °C ( and °F). Many thermophiles are philic eubacteria are suggested to have been among the earliest bacteria.

Thermophiles are found in various geothermally heated regions of the Earth, such as hot springs like those in Yellowstone National Park (see.

Studies on Adaptations of Thermophilic Bacteria at Molecular Level Ashwani Solanki and Dipali Gupta r Malawat College of Biosciences (Department of Biotechnology) M.G.S University Bikaner (Raj) ABSTRACT Thermophilic bacteria Thermonospora archaea was isolated from sand dunes of Bikaner region Kodemdeser.

Genetics, as considered in this discussion, concerns the ability of thermophilic microbes to transfer genetic information among cells, to express those acquired traits, and to pass this information on to progeny.

This discussion will be limited to those organisms belonging to the domain Bacteria. A.-L. Reysenbach, in Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences (Second Edition), Thermophiles.

An emerging theme with studies of microbial diversity at deep-sea hydrothermal vents is that the thermophiles that have been obtained in cultures are only a very minor component of the diversity of thermophiles at deep-sea vents.

[PMC free article] McClung LS. Studies on Anaerobic Bacteria: III. Historical Review and Technique of Culture of Certain Thermophilic Anaerobes. J Bacteriol. Feb; 29 (2)– [PMC free article] McClung LS.

Studies on Anaerobic Bacteria: IV. Taxonomy of Cultures of a Thermophilic Species Causing "Swells" of Canned Foods. J by:   Oil reservoirs, mines, and geothermal aquifers are examples of subsurface environments that thermophiles populate.

Extreme thermophilic bacterial species of the genera Geotoga and Petrotoga (family Thermotogaceae) have so far only been found in deep subsurface oil reservoirs; on this basis, it has been proposed that these taxa represent typical indigenous Bacteria of this particular ecosystem.

Many thermophiles are archaea. Thermophilic eubacteria are suggested to have been among the earliest bacteria. hyperthermophile: An organism that thrives in extremely hot environments— from 60 degrees C ( degrees F) upwards.

An optimal temperature for the. Studies of Thermophilic Microorganisms at the Studies on thermophilic bacteria book of Microbiology, Russian Academy of Sciences Article (PDF Available) in Microbiology 73(5) September with Reads.

Studies in cellulose decomposition by an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium and two associated non-cellulolytic species. Thermophilic Bacteria: Novel Pol ymers for Biotechnological Appl ications 6 the growth rate of the Bacillus (at 35°C, 40°C, 45°C and 50°C) were significant at the 5% level.

shows an increase in hydrophobic residues in thermophilic organisms by three for every amino acids An increased frequency of NTN is observed both in archae and bacteria use of hydrophobic residues for thermostability deviates from the mechanistic distinctions based on phylogenetic history Lieph, et al Trends in Micro ()File Size: KB.

Other articles where Thermophile is discussed: bacteria: Evolution of bacteria: eubacterial branch consists solely of thermophiles. Both Bacteria and Archaea contain members that are able to grow at very high temperatures, as well as other species that are able to grow at low temperatures.

Another prominent difference is that bacteria have widely adapted to aerobic conditions, whereas many. Thermophilic bacteria occur naturally in hot springs, tropical soils, compost heaps, in your excrement, in hot water heaters (both domestic and industrial), and in your garbage, to name a few places.

Thermophilic bacteria were first isolated in by Miquel, who found bacteria capable of developing at C (F). He found these bacteria in.

Thermophilic bacteria, similar those discovered in Yellowstone, have been found in hydrothermal features located in Iceland, Italy, Japan and New Zealand (Brock, ). These locations have been affected by geothermal power developments and health spas which have destroyed the natural thermal features.

In addition, a novel thermotolerant Gram positive Bacillus type bacterium from the pelletized feed of fish was examined. A total of 18 thermotolerant bacteria were analyzed for Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME).

Results: Amongst isolates that grew on E. coli FAGI agar, 23 (17%) were thermotolerant when tested at 15 psi for 30 min. Of the SecA is an evolutionarily conserved protein that plays an indispensable role in the secretion of proteins across the bacterial cell membrane.

Comparative analyses of SecA homologs have identified two large conserved signature inserts (CSIs) that are unique characteristics of thermophilic bacteria. A 50 aa conserved insert in SecA is exclusively present in the SecA homologs from the orders Author: Bijendra Khadka, Dhillon Persaud, Radhey S.

Gupta. Studies on the viability of airborne bacteria / (Urbana, Illinois: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Illinois, ), by Calvin Po Chuen Poon (page images at HathiTrust) Studies on thermophilic bacteria.

(), by Lethe Eleanora Morrison (page images at HathiTrust). @article{osti_, title = {Thermophilic microbes in ethanol production}, author = {Slapack, G E and Russell, I and Stewart, G G}, abstractNote = {General and specific properties of thermophilic ethanol-producing bacteria are reviewed and their relative merits in ethanol production assessed.

The studies examine the use of bacteria in mono- and co-culture fermentations for ethanol. Only bacteria can live at temperatures higher than 65°C, and those growing optimally at 65°C or higher are called extreme thermophiles. Currently biochemical and physiological studies of extremely thermophilic bacteria are being made by the Thermophile Research Unit at the University of Waikato alongside studies of the ecology of the hot Cited by: 1.

Abstract. The discovery of the genus Thermus (Brock and Freeze, ) provided our first impetus for detailed studies on the physiology of thermophilic bacteria. Its discovery was one of the simpler things we did, because enrichment and culture were so easy. We used a synthetic salts medium which had been shown to be suitable for growth of hot spring algae, added relatively low concentrations Cited by: Thermus Aquaticus.

In any case, one of the most famous strains of thermophilic bacteria actually belongs to a species known as Thermus aquaticus, not Strain This species of bacteria is super. A systematic survey for thermophilic fermentative bacteria and archaea in high temperature petroleum reservoirs Gino S.

Grassia Microbiology Research Unit, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Canberra, Belconnen, ACTAustraliaCited by: The results from this study have provided key information about where thermophilic spores form in a milk powder manufacturing plant and how biofilms of one of the typical thermophilic bacteria, Anoxybacil/us flavithermus, develop.

This knowledge will help the dairy industry to design strategies to. Thermophilic Biological Wastewater Treatment Sindhuja Sankaran Another significant advantage of the thermophilic bacteria is the Some kinetic studies have been conducted in thermophilic conditions and comparison with the mesophilic condition has been done.

Ahn and Forster () studied the kinetic parameters using twoFile Size: KB. This lesson will examine the relationship found between an organism and heat or, the life of a thermophile. It will give examples and show why scientists are so interested in this type of organism.

Obviously, life can exist above the earlier assumptions of 80°C. Some suggest °C, but undersea hydrothermal vent studies show evidence of prokaryotic existence in vents that have been recorded at °C.

No evidence of oven mitts, though. References: Madigan, M.T. & Oren, A. Thermophilic and halophilic extremophiles. Thermus aquaticus is a species of bacteria that can tolerate high temperatures, one of several thermophilic bacteria that belong to the Deinococcus–Thermus group.

It is the source of the heat-resistant enzyme Taq DNA polymerase, one of the most important enzymes in molecular biology because of its use in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) DNA amplification : Deinococci.

Thermophilic Bacteria in Yellowstone National Park Cyanobacteria Calothrix. pH: 6–9 Temperature: 30–45°C (86–°F) Color: Dark brown mats Metabolism: Photosynthesis by day; fermentation by night. Location: Mammoth Hot Springs, as well as Upper, Midway, and Lower geyser basins Cyanobacteria Phormidium.

pH: 6–8 Temperature: 35–57°C (95–°F) Color: Orange mats. "highlights current areas of research" from IFIS "a solid and critical review of the impact that extremophiles have in biotechnology. It discusses the adaptation of thermophilic, psychrophilic, acidophilic, and radiation-resistant microorganisms in their respective habitats the book offers newcomers to the biotechnology industry a good overview and a simple introduction to the subject.LIST OF PARTICIPANTS 11 THERMOPHILIC HYDROLYTIC ENZYMES (PROTEINASES, AMYLASES) 17 Thermal Stability of Homologous Neutral Metalloendopeptidases in Thermo­ philic and Mesophilic Bacteria: Structural Considerations M.

K. PANGBURN, P. L. LEVY, K. A. WALSH and H. NEURATH 19 The Structure and Stability of Thermolysin L. H. WEAVER, W. R. KESTER, K. F. TEN EYCK and B. W. MATTHEWS 31 Studies Brand: Birkhäuser Basel.In thermophilic composting, any soluble sugars in the original mixture are almost immediately taken up by bacteria and other microorganisms.

The resulting explosive microbial growth causes the temperature to rise. During the thermophilic phase, more complex compounds such as pro-teins, fats, and cellulose get broken down by heat-tolerant Size: KB.